CROATIA AND CROATIANS
In order to understand the history, culture and people of Croatia, one must first be aware that Croatia was ruled, administered, conquered, and federated with Yugoslavia, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungary and the Protectorate of Hungary, Italy, Turkey, the Republic of Venice and the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) for up to 900 years. Croatia was partitioned at the same time for up to 400 years between Austria, Hungary, Venice and Turkey. On Croatian territory we have Catholics, Moslems (Ethnic Croatians), Jews, Orthdox, Grko Catholics and some Protestants. Further, Croatia has a Croatian ethnic majority, a Serbian minority (5%) that migrated to Croatian territory, Hungarians and Italians. An individual with a desire to study the history, culture and people of Croatia would out of necessity have to read portions of Austrian, Hungarian, Turkish and Italian history.
About Croatian Immigration
Croatian immigration would have the same considerations as above. Croatians have migrated for over 300 years. Prior to the discovery of America, Croatians migrated to (and were taken into slavery) Turkey, Austria, Italy, Venice, Spain and to other parts of Western Europe.Croatian Galleons were in regular trade with Spain, Portugal, France, England, Italy and theOttoman Turks prior to the discovery of America. Croatian immigration to the New World started with their participation in Spanish, Portuguese, and Venetian fleet and mercantile operations.
When Croatians migrated they left as nationals or citizens of Austria, Italy-Venice, Hungary or Turkey. Ethnically they were always Croatians, but in immigration Croatians were identifiedby America, Canada, South America, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia as above or in recent times as Yugoslavs and were recorded as such.
Because of a lack of a Nation-State, Croatians were in most cases identified by the country that ruled them and were not accorded a place in history. Almost all Croatians that made a contribution to any endeavor were misidentified. A few examples: John Dominis-Gospodnetich--Italian, Venetian--Prince Consort to last Queen of Hawaii, Queen Lilioukalani. Origins were from Island of Brac, Croatia; Joseph Haydn-Hajdin--famous Austrian composer. Origins were Croatian; Marco Polo-Pilich--Venetian explorer to China. Origins were Sibenik, Croatia, born on Island of Korcula, Croatia; Peter Tomich--Austrian.Medal of Honor winner, Pearl Harbor. Born Croatian in Hercegovina; Ferdinand Konscak-Gonzaga--Austrian. A Priest, proved California was not an island. Origin was Varazdin, Croatia; Bozo de Raguza..Hungarian. Voyage of exploration in South America, 1520’s. Origin Croatia.
Serbo-Croatian was the term used in the English speaking world for the Croatian language since the end of World War 1 (1918); prior to the formation of Yugoslavia and the end of WW I, Croatia and Serbia had never been historically united, they were simply Slavic neighbors. Croatians formalized their alphabet in approximately 1850 with the use of a diacritical-accent mark system.
Croatians coming to America, based on circumstance of where they came from in Croatia, had their names modified on passports. A good example would be that in the Italian alphabet there is no “K”, so those named Kristovic from Dalmatia or Istria would be registered as Christovich on their passport. Some from Dalmatia or Istria would also use two versions of their name for business reasons such as Mladinic-Mladineo, Marijanovic-Mariani.
An accent or diacritical mark was used by the Croatian language. So, a persons name could have been modified to conform to the Italian, Austrian or Hungarian alphabet or language. Then again changed by American authorities to conform to English. Many Croatians also had Clan names (Nadimak) that were a legitimate part of their name, and some immigrants used their clan name as it may have been easily pronounced in America
Coming to America
The first Croatian imigrants migrated to Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Texas. This started approximately 200 years ago. They actually migrated to Spanish and French America which is now part of America. In the South they were fishermen, oystermen, mariners, and business men. They were in Biloxi, Mississippi, Mobile Bay, Alabama and in Plaquemines Parish and New Orleans, Louisiana. In fact, four military companies of Croatians were organized in the Confederate Army. A Croatian Society and Cemetery was organized in 1873 in New Orleans.
With the discovery of gold in California, many left the South for the goldfields of California. They arrived in 1849. They were goldminers, mariners, fishermen, bartenders, saloon and coffee saloon keepers, restaurant owners, fruit, liquor and fish suppliers. The Croatians could be found in all goldmining areas of California and silverminingareas of Nevada. With the collapse of the mines, they purchased farmland and were pioneers in wineries, vineyards, and orchards. The first Croatian Society and Cemetery was organized in 1857 in San Francisco. Some of these Croatians settled in Nevada, Arizona, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and on the west coast of Canada.
The majority of the above Croatians came from Dalmatia and Istria with a strong Venetian-Italian influence. The Venetians called them Schiavoni or “Slavonians” rather than Croati-Croatians so that they would not rebel and join their inland Croatian brothers. In many cases “Slavonian” was used in the West and South....this became an Americanism and had no relationship to Slavonia in Croatia.
Croatians immigrating to the East and Midwest came during the Industrial Revolutionof the 1870’s and settled in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, and West Virginia. The majority were employed in steel mills, coalmining, mining, packing houses and other types of heavy industry. They came with a strong sense and feeling of their Croatian heritage. They formed societies, clubs, social clubs and singing and tamburitza instrument groups.The first Croatian Society was formed in 1894 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Croatians seeking work later moved into Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico and Utah. They worked in open or strip mining enterprises.
In all communities where they settled they formed benevolent societies and cultural societies.
CROATIANS IN AMERICA
Books about Croatians
Islands of Brac-Korcula-Krk-Mljet-Olib and Istria
By States California-Louisiana-Nevada
Pioneer Index California
Gold and Silver Mines and Miners
Fish and Fishing
Oil Discovery Texas-California
CROATIANS IN AMERICA
Tresic-Pavicic, A Dr. Preko Atlantika Do Pacifica Zivot Hrvata U Sjevernoj Americi. Zagreb: Dionicke Tiskare, 1907. From the Atlantic to the Pacific-Croatians in America.
Govorchin, Gerald S. Americans From Yugoslavia. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press, 1961. Over 80% are Croatians.
Prpic, George J. The Croatian Immigrants in America. New York: Philosophical Library, 1971.
Ifkovic, Edward. The Yugoslavs in America. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1977. Over 80% are Croatians.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatian Pioneers in America, 1685-1900. San Carlos, Ca.: Ragusan Press, 1979.
Cizmic, Ivan. Hrvati u Zivotu Sjedinjenih Americkih Drzava. Zagreb: Globus, 1982. Croatians in the USA.
Shapiro, Ellen. Croatian Americans. Edgemont, PA: Chelsea House, 1988.
Island of Brac
Derado, Klement, and Ivan Cizmic. Iseljenici Otoka Braca, Bracki zbornik ; br. 13. Zagreb: SIZ za kulturu opcine Brac, 1982. Immigrants from the Island of Brac.
Island of Korcula
Separovic, Zvonimir. Od Sydneya do San Francisca : dijaspora ili rasutost mjestana Blata na Korculi diljem svijeta. Cakovec, Croatia: Zrinski, 1982. Immigrants from Blato, Island of Korcula, Croatia in the world.
Island of Krk
Bozanic, Anton. Hrvatsko Iseljenistvo u Sad i Krcani u New York. Krk: Krk Zbornik, 1996.
Island of Mljet
Dabelic, Ivo.Mljetans in America. Dubrovnik: Markulin, 1993.
Island of Olib
Dijanic, Slavo and Joyce Skalkov Mattea. Chronicle of the Olibljani Migration. San Francisco: Private, 1992. Pioneers from the Island of Olib, Croatia in America.
Tumpic, Dusan. Istarska emigracija : svjedocanstva, Monografije. Zagreb: NIP "Alinea", 1991.
Paskijevic, Peroslav. Adresar Trgovaca, Obrtnika i Drugih Uglenijih Pripadnika iz Hrvatse Slovonije, Dalmacije, Istre Nastanjenih u Americi, Africi, Aziju i Australiji. Zagreb: By the Author, 1902. Imigrant directory.Croatians in American, Africa, Asia and Australia.
Mladineo, Ivan D. Nardoni Adresar Hrvata, Slovenaca, Srba: The National Directory of the Croat-Slovene-Serb Organizations, Institutions, Business, Professional and Social Leaders in the United States and Canada. New York, 1937.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatian Directory of Institutions in America and Canada. San Carlos, Calif: Ragusan Press, 1999. Includes retail outlets of Croatian products.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatian Business and Professional Directory of California. San Carlos, Ca: Ragusan Press, 1999. Includes profession and phone numbers.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatians in California, 1849-1999. San Carlos, Ca: Ragusan Press, 2000. Gold Rush pioneers, the wild west-saloons, restaurants, farms, orchards, vineyards, fishermen, music, celebrations, societies, churches and 1000's of individuals.
Eterovich, Adam S. Yugoslavs in Nevada, 1859-1900. San Carlos, Calif.: Ragusan Press, 1973. From Croatia, Hercegovina and the Boka Kotor.
Meler, V. The Slavonic Pioneers of California. San Francisco: The Slavonic Pioneers SMBS, 1932.
Vujnovich, Milos. Yugoslavs in Louisiana. New Orleans: Pelican Press, 1974. At least 95% are Croatians.
Eterovich, Adam S. and Simich, Jerry L. General Index to Croatian Pioneers in California, 1849-1999. San Carlos, Ca.: Ragusan Press, 2000.An Index by Name, Date, Occupation or Activity, Location, Town of Origin and Reference Source. Abstracted from cemeteries, voting registers, census, society records church records and other source. 45,000individuals.Includes marriage groups.
Kaziput. Croatian Immigrants Guidebook to America. Hartford, Conn: Kaziput, 1914.
Eterovich, Adam.Croatian American Personalities, Past and Present. San Carlos, 2002. Computer biographies of 1600 Croatian Americans with Index by occupation.
Eterovich, Francis. Biographical Directory of Scholars, Artists and Professionals of Croatian Descent in The United States and Canada. Chicago, 1963.
Markotic, Vladimir. Biographical Directory of Americans and Canadians of Croatian Descent. Calgary: Research Centre for Canadian Ethinic Studies, 1973.
Krasic, Ljubo. Outstanding American and Canadian Croats, Almanac. Chicago: Croatian Ethnic Institute, 2001.
Maletic, Franjo. Who is Who in Croatia. Zagreb: Golden Marketing, 1993.
Kestercanek, Nada. Croatian Newspapers And Calendars in the United States. San Francisco: R & E Research Assocs., 1971.
Prpic, George J. The Croatian Publications Abroad After 1939; A Bibliography. Cleveland: John Carroll University, 1969.
Marohnic, Josip. Popis Hrvata u Americi. Allegheny: American Croatian Press, 1902. Census of Croatians in America.
Lakatos, Josip. Narodna Statistika. Zagreb: Hrvatskog, 1914.
Colakovic, Branko M. Yugoslav Migrations to America. San Francisco: R & E Research Associates, 1973.
Kraljic, Frances. Croatian Migration to and from the United States 1900-1914. Palo ALto: Ragusan Press, 1978.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatians in America, Austro-Hungary and Yugoslavia: Immigration-Emigration Statistics, Scrap Book. San Carlos, Calif.: Ragusan Press, 1981.
Prpic, George J. Croatia and the Croatians: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography in English. Scottsdale, Ariz.: Associated Book Publ., 1982.
Eterovich, Adam S. A Guide and Bibliography to Research on Yugoslavs in the United States and Canada. San Carlos, Calif.: Ragusan Press, 1978.
Gold and Silver
Alaska Herald. “The Gold Mines Near Sitka.” Alaska Herald, Dec. 12, 1873. Alaska Quartz Mining Co. owned by Mr. Millitich.
Ashbaugh, Don. Nevada's Turbulent Yesterday: A Study in Ghost Towns: Westmore Press, 1963.Page 232 mentions Slavonian Chief and John Gregovich.
Associated Press. “Campers Gassed in Sierra War Games.” S.F. Chronicle, August 9, 1983.Inyo County Sherrif Dennis Bacoch.
Badovinac, Robert. “George Margaretich in the West.” Zajednicar, Oct. 11, 2000.Gold Rush pioneer.
Bakulich, Virgil. The Flight of My Days. San Francisco, 1946.Born on Island of Brac.San Francisco policeman from 1894 to 1919.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Nevada: Colorado and Wyoming, 1540-1888. San Francisco: The History Company, 1890.Pages 207-212 mentions Austrians Marco Kuezerwitch and John Gaventi.Pyramid Lake Massacre.
Bancrofts Works (Nevada). “Massacre at Pyramid Lake-1860-Austrians-Slavonians Involved.Knezevich & Gaventi.” Bancroft, 1890.
Blair Booster. “John Chiatovich Obituary.” Blair Booster, March 13, 1907.
Bowen, A. W. Progressive Men of the State of Montana. Chicago: A.W. Bowen & Co., 190?Biography of Marco Medin.
Browne, R. and J. 800 Old Motherlode Mines, 1898.
Buckbee, Edna. “Miner's Union organizers included Frank Gospodnetich and J. Gospodnetich at Angels Camp in 1885.” In Pioneer days of Angels Camp. Calaveras California, 1932.Pioneer days of Angels Camp
Buckbee, Edna Began. The Saga of Old Tuolumne, ?Mentions Slavonians
Carson Daily Appeal. “Perasich 'Shooting Affray'.” nevada crime, October 14, 1875.
Chalfant, W. A. Gold, Guns and Ghost Towns, 1947.P. 133: Perasich a guard during Carson City prison break of Sept. 1871.
Chickering, Allen L. “A Frenchman in the Panamints.” California Historical Quarterly, September, 1938 1938, p. 211 & 212.Mentions Perasich in 1873
Daily Safeguard. “Nikola Gugnina vs. M. Marincovich & N. Gugnina vs. P. Gugnina.” Daily Safeguard, Nov. 14, 1868.Virginia City.Court Case.
Daily Territorial Enterprise. “Nicholas Paolovich vs. Issac P. Van Hagen over 10,000 Damages for False Imprisonment.” Daily Territorial Enterprise, Jan. 10, 1867.Virginia City court case.
Daily Territorical Enterprise. “Marco Medin vs. Mayor & Board of Aldermen.” Daily Territorial Enterprise, Jan. 8, 1867.Virginia City Court Case.
Dane, Ezra G. Ghost Town, ? Mentions Austrians
Davis, Sam P. History of Nevada. Reno and Los Angeles: Elpas Publishing Company, 1913.Page 855 Slavonians at Columbus, p. 969 John Lazarevich, p. 1197 John Gregovich with picture.
Dom i Svijet. “Joseph Kralj-Indian Massacre.” Dom i Svijet, 1900. In 1853 Joseph Kralj from Mrkopolje and three other Croatians from Novi Vinodol involved in Indian Massacre on way to California.
Drury, Wells. “Sclavonians Original Silver Mine Locaters in Columbus Districts.” True Fissure, Nov. 27, 1880.
Drzic, Tomislav. “Obracun u Carson Cityju.” Vjesnik u Srijdu, June 19, 1974.Based on Adam S. Eterovich material.
Drzic, Tomislav. “Revenge of The Perasich Brothers.” Vjesnik u Srijedu, June 12, 1974 1974.Gunfight and killing based on Adam Eterovich material.
Eterovich, Adam S. “525 Indians Looking for Peratrovich-Petovich-Paretovich.” Croatian American Times, August 29, 2000. Island named after him. Had three Indian wives and 29 children.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Antonio and Vincent Milatovich in Nevada-1860's.” In Croatian Pioneers in America. 1650-1900, pp119-122. San Carlos, Calif.: Ragusan Press, 1979.Largest provision house in Nevada
Eterovich, Adam S. “Chiatovich Clan in Nevada.” Croatian American, August 30, 2005.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Croatian Bad Guys in the American Wild West.” Hrvatski Vjesnik, April 26, 2002.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Croatian Businessmen in the Wild West.” Croatian American Times, May 1, 2001.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatians in California, 1849-1999. San Carlos, Ca: Ragusan Press, 2000.Gold Rush pioneers, the wild west-saloons, restaurants, farms , orchards, vineyards, fishermen, music, celebrations,societies, churches and 1000's of individuals.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Croatians Scalped by Indians-Joseph Kralj.” Croatian American Times, October 19, 1999.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Croats and California's Gold Rush.” Croatian American Times, May 8, 2002.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Dalmatian and Montenegrin Communities in the West and South, 1775-1920.” Paper presented at the Yugoslavian Heritage in the USA, University of Minnesota 1977.
Eterovich, Adam S. “The Gunfight and Killing of Nikola Perasich.” Iseljenicki-Zagreb.Gunfight at his restaurant in the Panamint Mountains in 1875.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Gunfight and Killing of Nikola Perasich March 11, 1875.” Jugoslav American Herald, July 24, 1963.
Eterovich, Adam S. “How the San Francisco Vigilantes Originated-The Sazarac Lying Club of 1873.” Croatian American Times, January 15, 2000.Story about a Slavonian.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 1.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 7, 2001. Croatian Americans Matulich, Mathieu, Illich,in the 1770's.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 2.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 8, 2001.Dalmatians in the Gold Rush.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 3.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 9, 2001. Croatian Americans Vladislavich, Margaretrich, Markovich, Matich, Simcich, Sutich, Vlautin in the Gold Rush.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 4.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 10, 2001. Croatian Americans Kralj, Mazzanovich in Indian troubles.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 5.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 11, 2001. Mazzanovich and Geronimo.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 6.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 12, 2001. Mazzanovich and Wyatt Earp.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 7.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 13, 2001. Croatian Americans in gunfights.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Hrvati na Divljem Zapadu 8.” Slobodna Dalmacija, November 14, 2001.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Martin Koscina and the Delmonico Restaurant in Nevada.” Croatian American Times, October 26, 1999.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Mathew Ivankovich at the Discovery of Gold in California.” Croatian American Times, October 10, 2000.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Nevada Pioneers, 1860-1880.” Jugoslav American Herald, Jan 29, 1964.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Pasetta's: From Goldminers to Hollywood Producers.” Croatian American Times, August 8, 2000.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Pioneers from the Boka Kotorska and Vicinity, 1850-1880 in the West.” Jugoslav American Herald, Jan 24, 1962.Croatians and Montenegrins
Eterovich, Adam S. “Saga of Marco Medin,1860's, Virginia City.” Zajednicar, Jan 15, 1964.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Sazerac Lying Club, 1873,of Nevada.” Jugoslav American Herald, Nov 30, 1964.Croatians and how the SF Vigilantees were formed.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Slav Pioneer Medin Contributes to History--Nevada, 1860's.” Jugoslav American Herald, Nov 13, 1963.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Slavonian Pioneers in Nevada, 1859-1880.” Zajednicar, Dec 21, 1966.
Eterovich, Adam S. “U Vrijeme Zlatne Groznice.” Matica-Zagreb, Nov 1961.Croatians in the California Gold Rush
Eterovich, Adam S. “Virgil Bakulich-San Francisco Policeman.” Croatian American Times, October 26, 1999.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Wild West Badmen: Vina Nemamo-Kruha Je Nestalo.” Croatian American Times, August 15, 2000.
Eterovich, Adam S. and Simich, Jerry L. General Index to Croatian Pioneers in California, 1849-1999. San Carlos, Ca.: Ragusan Press, 2000. An Index by Name, Date, Occupation or Activity, Location, Town of Origin and Reference Source. Abstracted from cemeteries, voting registers, census, society records church records and other source. 45,000indIviduals.Includes marriage groups.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Eterovich Introduces New Book on Croatians in US Gold Rush.” Zajednicar, April 2, 2003.
Gudde, Erwing. Sutter's Own Story. New York: Putnam's Sons, 1936.
Harold's Club. “Justice at Medicine Rock.” Pioneer Nevada, 1951. Mentions Chiatovich store and Antonio Bacoch, 1882.
Hart, Fred H. The Sazerac Lying Club. Nevada, 1878.Story of how a Slavonian caused the San Francisco Vigilantees to be formed.
Hina. “Croats Searched for Gold in American West-Adam S. Eterovich.” Croatian Weekly, October 22, 1998.
Howe, Octavius Thordike. Argonauts of '49. Cambridge: Harvard Press, 1924.
Inyo Independent. “Excited-Mexican-American troubles.” Inyo Independent, May 29, 1895.Mexicans choose Dr. Gelcich to moderate.
Kansmine, Linda. “Palm Springs Casino and Indian Tribal Chairman Richard Milanovich.” USA Today, Nov. 20, 1986.Is Richard Milanovich a Croatian
King, Jos. L. History of the San Francisco Stock Exchange. San Francisco, 1910.Mentions Adriatic and Bajazett Silvermines in 1864.
Krsnik, Vjeko. “From Gold Digging to Gold Mines.” Nedjeljna Dalmacija, 1974 1974.About Adam Eterovich research.
Lardner, A. “Marco Ivanac.” In History of Placer and Nevada Counties. Los Angeles: Hist Rec Co, 1924.
Las Vegas Sun. “Lion-Tiger Breed Stirs up Controversy.” Las Vegas Sun, October 23, 1986. Joseph Markan, a Croatian animal trainer, breed lions and tigers known as Ligers.
Leighton, Fred. “The 100 Slavonians.” Calaveras Hist Quarterly, April 1975.Picture and article about Croatian miners.
Lord, Eliot. Comstock Mining and Miners. Berkeley: Howell & North, 1954.Page 384 mentions Austrians and Slavonians in the mines.
Lyman, George D. Saga of the Comstock Lode. NY: CHarles Scribner Sons, 1934.Has picture of Virginia Saloon Martin Grossetta-1861.
Mack, Effie Mona and Byrd Wall Sawyer. Our State: Nevada: Caxton Printers, 1978.Page 178 Chiatovich Creek.
Magner, Jack R. Gold Mines of California. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1970.Mentions Argonaaut mine disaster.Many Croatians died.
Mazzanovich, Anton. Trailing Geronimo. Los Angeles: Gem Publishing Co., 1926.
Milanovich, Ralph. “George Vladislavich Pioneer in Amador.” Eterovich Archives, 1910. Pioneer from Brac in the Amador of California with a goldmine.
Millard and Bailey. “Augustus Daniel Splivalo.” In The San Francisco Bay Region. San Francisco: Millard and Bailey, 1924. Biography. Family born in Dalmatia.
Mining Review. Pacific Coast Mining Review. San Francisco, 1878.Page 195 E. Chielovich Mine Trustee.
Moxely, W.A. , 1954 1954.Biography.Came to San Francisco in 1847.Was in Australian, Canadian and California Gold Rush.A Croatian.
Moxley, W.A. The Gold Trail. Oregon, 1960.Mathew Ivankovich at Discovery of Gold.
Mucibabich, Darlene. Life in Western Mining Camps: Social and Legal Aspects. N.Y.: Exposition Press, 1977.
Murbager, Nell. Ghosts of the Glory Trail. Palm Desert: Desert Magazine Press, 1958.Mentions Slavonians in two stories.
Nadeu, Remi. Ghost Towns and Mining Camps of California. Los angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1965.Mentions Peter Nicholas, Austrian, killing at Columbia in 1853.
Nevada State. Nevada State Minerologists Report, 1875-1876, 1876.Page 26 Servia and Salvonia Mine, p. 214 Adriatic Mine.
Orford, R. “John Butrovich Senator.” Alaska State Library, June 4, 1997.
Paine, Swift. Eilley Orum, Queen of the Comstock: Pacific Books, 1929.Page 174 Milatovich, pp. 257-258 Zenovich.
Panamint News. “Another Horrible Murder.” Panament News, March 13, 1875.Gunfight and killing of Nikola Perasich.
Panamint News. “French Restaurant and Saloon.” Panamint News, Nov 26, 1874.about Nikola Perasich
Potter, C. Mining Directory: Dewey and Company, 1929.Austria, Adriatic, Austrian, Danube and Marinca Fold and Silvermining Companies.
Reed, G. Walter. “John Jurach, George Lucich, Marco Lucich, N.N. Matcovich, Mat Sapunar, Thomas Rudech.” In History of Sacramento County: Historical Rec. Co., 1923.Biography Sacramento.
Rodman, Paul W. California Gold, ?Corishmen, Austrians, Italians and Irish came in increasing numbers to work in gold mines.
Sacramento Union. “Died- Marco Zenovich and Marco Milinovich at Virginia City.” Sacramento Daily Union, July 20, 1863.Gunfight at his saloon
Sacramento Union. “Slavonian Presentation.” Sacramento Union, Nov. 26, 1860.Good article on Slavonian-Croatian society branches in Sacramento, Stockton, Marysville.
San Mateo Times. “Mercury Mining Firm Disappears- New Indria.” San Mateo Times, Dec 23, 1981.Organized by Slavonians in 1853.
Sargent, J. L., ed. Amador County History. Jackson, California: Amador Women's Club, 1927.
Scrugham, James. Nevada, 1935.Page 279, Vol. II Armanko; P. 211, Vol. III Chiatovich; p. 524, Vol. III Novakovich.
SF Alta. “Careless Shooting at Hotel de Ville.” Daily Alta, Jan 26, 1851.Antonio Milatovich from Dubrovnik proprietor of Hotel Deville.
SF Alta. “Pyramid Lake Massacre.” Daily Alta, June 6, 1980. Marco Knezevich massacred by Indians.
SF Chronicle. “The Slavonian Assassin-Austrian George Sharksovich.” S.F. Chronicle, June, 1871.
SF Evening Bulletin. “Indian Massacre at Pyramid Lake, Nevada.” SF Evening Bulletin, June 6, 1860.Killed three Slavonians.
SF Evening Bulletin. “Pyramid Lake Massacre.” San Francisco Evening Bulletin, May 18, 1860.Death of two Slavonians by Indians.
SF Evening Bulletin. “Serious Row at Virginia City.” SF Evening Bulletin, July 11, 1863.Marco Millinovich shot in his saloon.
SF Police Assn. “Virgil Bakulich, Retired San Francisco Police Inspector, 1894-1919.” SF Police Assn News, Sept 1998. Retired detective Sergeant in San Francisco from 1894-1919.Born Island of Brac.
Shearer, W. H. Atlas of the Goldfield, Tonopah and Bullfrog Mining Districts of Nevada. San Francisco, 1905.Mentions Mikulich
Slocum and Co. “John Davis-Devcich.” In History of Contra Costa County: Slocum and Co., 1882.Born on Island of Brac.
Smith, Grant H. History of the Comstock Lode, 1850-1920. Nevada: Nevada State Bureau of Mines.Page 53 and 54 of Medin Building Picture on 14 No. C Street, Virginia City
Staresina, Peter. “Marko Raguzin Gold Rush Pioneer.” Pomorstovo Silbe, 1971.Marko Raguzin from Losinj returns from California in 1850's, helps people from Silbe.In Croatian.
Swisher, Viola H. “Vassili Sulich- Dancer in a Sea of Feathers.” After Dark, August 1968.Dancer from Brac in Las Vegas.
Thompson and West. “Dr. G. Ivancovich, MD.” In History of Nevada County. Oakland: Thompson & West, 1880.From Dubrovnik.Studied in London.
Thompson and West. History of Amador County, California. San Francisco: Thompson and West, 1881.The first Croatian building in America erected in 1873 by the Slavonic Illyric Society of San Francisco a Sutter Creek, Amador County.
Thompson and West. History of Nevada. Oakland: Thompson & West, 1881.Pages 413 and 414, Sclavonians; p. 238, S. Zenovich; p. 253, John Gregovich; p. 163, Cenovitch; p. 451, Adriatic Mining Co.; P. 527, John Centers; p. 344, Millinovich.
Tonopah Daily Bonanza. “Death of John Gregovich.” Tonopah Daily Bonanza, May 14, 1912.Nevada Senator.
True Fissure. “John Chiatovich and S. Sever vs. Elia Gregovich.” True Fissure, July 3, 1880.Nevada Court Case.
True Fissure News. “The Shooting at Columbus, Thatcher-Gregovich.” True Fissure News, June 19, 1880.Nevada gunfight.
True Frontier. “George Sharkovich.” True Frontier magazine, Sept 1970.Nurder in 1870's. California.
Verlich, Edward. “Author John Muretich Recalls Mining Era in Arizona.” Zajednicar, April 1981.
Voynick, Stephen M. Leadville, A Miner's Epic. Missoula: Mountain Press Pub. Co., 1984.
Wagner, Jack R. Gold Mines of California. Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1970.
Wilson, Neil C. Silver Stampede. New York, 1937.Gunfight of Nikola Perasich
Woolridge, Jessie. “Andrew L. Pierovich.” In History of the Sacramento Valley. Chicago: Pioneer History Publishing Company, 1931. Biography. California State Senator. Family from Dalmatia.
Woolridge, Jesse W. History of the Sacramento Valley. Chicago: Pioneer History Publishing, 1931.
Zanji, Sally Sprginmeyer. Unspiked Rail: Memoir of a Nevada Rebel. Reno: Univeristy of Nevada Press, 1981.Pp 44-55: Long Valley-Carson Pete Milich, 1859 pioneer.
Fish-Fishing -Fishermen-Fish Restaurants
Adamic, Louis. “Dalmatia-A Peasant Riviera.” Fisherman's Almanac, 1936. Adamic was famous American writer.
Adamic, Louis. “The Land of Promise.” Harpers Magazine, Oct 1931. About San Pedro Dalmatians.
Adams, Gerald. “Dalmatian Fish Fry a San Francisco Treat.” Zajednicar, May 19, 1976.
Adams, Gerald. “A Special Way with Fish.” California Living, Feb 1, 1976.About Dalmatian restaurants and fish preparation in San Francisco.An excellent article covering pre 1900 Dalmatian establishments.
Anderson, Brett. “Uglesich Restaurant Oyster Bar.” Times Picayune, May 3, 2002.
Appelo, Carlton. Brookfield, Wahkiakum County, Washington. Deep River Washington: Carlton E. Appelo, 1966. Has Dalmatian fishing info.
Austin, Leonard. Around the World in San Francisco. Palo Alto, Calif: James Ladd Delkin, 1941.
Badovinac, Robert. “Vincent Maricich Family.” Zajednicar, Oct. 22, 1982.Catalina Island Pioneer
Bamford, Edwin F. Social Aspects of the Fishing Industry at Los Angeles Harbor. Los Angeles: Univ. of So. Calif., 1921.Thesis. Includes Dalmatians
Bates, Caroline. “Tadich and Sam's Grill.” Gourmet, Magazine of Good Living, March 1989. National Gourmet Magazine recognizes best restaurants in the West.Both Dalmatian, Croatian.
Batistich, John J. “A Slavonic Success Story--Fishermen's Produce Company.” Slavonic Alliance of California, Dec. 1935. San Pedro, California.
Bauer, Michael. “Classic Sam's Grill Wears its Age Well.” SF Chronicle, June 22, 1984.Owned by Seput family from Dalmatia.In business since 1867.
Bilich, Matt J. “Louisiana Oystermen.” The New Orleanean, II, No. 4, Feb. 15, 1931.
Bonacich, Andrew. “Dalmatian-American Club of San Pedro.” Almanac Dalmatian American Club, no. 1997. Oldest Cub in San Pedro.
Brady, Caroline. “Fishermen's Memorial Statue.” San Pedro News, Sept. 5, 1996.
Browning, Robert. “Mario Puretich Invents Fishing Power Block.” Everett Herald, May 27, 1976. Born on Island of Brac.His invention revolutionized the fishing industry.
Browning, Robert J. “Fisheries of the North Pacific.” ALaska Northwest Pub. W., 1974, 144-148.
Buich, Steve.1998. Owner Tadich Grill. Born in Grbovac, Dalmatia.
Byrne, Norman. “A Fish with two Tales.” Fishermen's Almanac, 1936 1936.
Calif Hist. “Historic Restaurant, Sam's Grill, Honored by California Historical Society.” California Historical Courier, March 14, 1997. Owned by Seput Family from Dalmatia.In business since 1867.
CAT. “Drago's Restaurant-Tommy Cvitanovich.” Croatian American Times, March 5, 2002. New Orleans restaurant. Biography.
CAT. “History of Croatians in Gig Harbor,Washington.” Croatian American Times, December 18, 2001. Contributed to fishing industry and ship building.
Cox, Dian. “Pacific Seafood Becomes a Big Fish-Frank Dulcich.” American City Business Journals, January 31, 1997. Pacific Seafood Group owned by Frank Dulcich in Portland, Oregon.
Croatian Academy. “Mario Puretich Dies-San Pedro.” Matica, 1993.Invented the Fish Bower Block.Born on the Island of Brac.Article in Croatian.
De Wolk, Roland. “Brooks Island San Francisco Bay.” SF Examiner, Jan. 4, 1978.Luka Grgurevich settled on Island in the 1870's.He raised ten children, sheep and fished.
De Wolk, Roland. “The Other Bay Islands-Brooks Island.” S. F. Examiner, Jan. 4, 1928.About Luka Gargurevich and family of 10 who landed on Island in 870's-A Dalmatian.
DeGabriele, Matilda. “Anton Spanjol.” Zajednicar, October 7, 1981. Croatian fisherman in California and Washington.
Dept of Fish and Game. “San Pedro Annual Reports.” Fish Bulletin 1940.
Diehl, Digby. “The Surprising Harbor.” Los Angeles Magazine, Aug. 1966, pp. 24-29. Dalmatians
Drabelle, Dennis. “Brooks Island San Francisco Bay.” Express News, Sept. 21, 1984. Luke Grgurevich raised cattle and sheep.He had ten children.
Eddy, Jonathen. “Tadich: A Fine Old Restaurant That Serves Fresh Fish.” San Francisco Examiner, Feb 4, 1973.
Eterovich, Adam S. “2,236 Tuna Sandwiches.” Croatian American Times, April 3, 2001.John Stanovich caught 448 pound tuna.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Crab Chioppino a Croatian Contribution.” Zajednicar, Feb 15, 1995. Dalmatian fishermen originated Crab Chioppino in California
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatian Fishermen in San Pedro, Scrap Book. San Carlos, Calif.: Ragusan Press, 1981. Scrap Book collection.
Eterovich, Adam S. Croatians in California, 1849-1999. San Carlos, Ca: Ragusan Press, 2000. Gold Rush pioneers, the wild west-saloons, restaurants, farms , orchards, vineyards, fishermen, music, celebrations,societies, churches and 1000's of individuals.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Dalmatian Fishermen in the West and South.” In Croatian Pioneers in America, 1650-1900, edited by Adam Eterovich, pp45-59. San Carlos, Calif`: Ragusan Press, 1979.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Fish-San Francisco Style.” Croatian American Times, May 2, 2000.San Francisco Dalmatian restaurants.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Fishing Gear Power Block-Invented by Mario Puretich.” Croatian American Times, June 27, 2000. Mario Puretich was born on the Island of Brac.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Fucich Bayou named after Man Born in Losinj.” Croatian American Times, May 30, 2000.
Eterovich, Adam S. “King of Alaska Fishing-Nick Bezmalinovich.” Croatian American Times, June 13, 2000. Nick Bez-Bezmalinovich was born on the Island of Brac.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Marinovich-Plantation, Mayors, Farmers, Doctors, Actors, Goldminers, Fishermen.” Croatian American Times, April 9, 2002. Biographies of various Marinoviches.
Eterovich, Adam S. “Peratrovich Name Variant Descendants Sought By Indians.” Zajednicar, June 13, 2001. Had 29 children with three Indian wives in Alaska. Island named after him.
Eterovich, Adam S. “San Francisco Dalmatian Style Cioppino.” Croatian American Times, November 2, 1999. Sunset Magazine credits the Dalmatians of California for the invention of Cioppino.
Fabris, Ivan. “Fabris Family in San Francisco.” Eterovich Archives, 1980.Claimed Fabris caught first striped bass in San Francisco Bay in 1870's.
Fishermen's Almanac. “Members of the Fishermen's Cooperative Assn. of San Pedro California.” FIshermen's Almanac, 1936 1936.
Fisk, Henry A. “The Fishermen of San Francisco Bay.” National Council ofCharities 1905, pp383-393.
Gabric, Tomislav. Scenes From a Croatian FIsherman's Life, 1980.
Gartshore, Bonnie. “Monterey's Mljetan Restaurant.” Alta Vista herald Monterey, April 28, 1996.From island of Mljet, Dalmatia, Croatia
Gol, Nenad. “Bracinin-Izumitelj Godine U SAD-Mario Puretich.” Matica-Zagreb. Mario Puretich of Brac invented the Power Block for fishing in Seattle, Washington
Green, R.E. “The American Tuna Purse Seine Fishery.” Modern Fishing Gear of the World, 1970.Dalmatians
Greene, Bert. “San Pedro Dalmatian Cuisine.” SF Examiner, Feb 10, 1982.Mary Surina's cooking.
Harris, Arthur. “Citizenship and Nativity of Commercial Fishermen in California.” Bureau of Public Administration, May 20, 1941.
Higgins, Elmer. “Methods of Sardine Fishing in Southern California.” Calif Fish and Game, Oct. 1921.
Hillinger, Charles. “Son Follows the Old Man and the Sea.” Los Angeles Times, Nov. 30, 1986.Andy and Gregory Kuglis (Kuljis) San Pedro from Island of Vis, Dalmatia Croatia.Fisherman.
Hreljac, Ivan. “Sime Matulich.” Zajednicar, Aug 28, 1985.Biography.Born on Island of Molat, Dalmatia.
Joyce, Mary. “Anton Barac.” Zajednicar, July 4, 1984.
Joyce, Mary. “Matt Gunovick-Grgurinovic.” Zajednicar, November 11, 1987.
Judson, Clara I. Petar's Treasure: They Came From Dalmatia. Chicago: Follet, 1945. Fiction set in Mississippi shrimp region.
Juricic, Zelimir. “Sam Jurisich Washington Pioneer.” Matica, Zagreb, Croatia, June 2001.
Jurick, Fred. “Now Fishermen Use Satellite to Find Big Ones.” S.F. Examiner, June 15, 1978.a Dalmatian
Kammer, Edward J. “Slavonian Oyster Fishermen in Southeastern Louisiana.” Bulletin of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America, Apr.-July, 1945 1945, 440-447.
Kammer, Edward J. A Socio-Economic Survey of the Marshdwellers of Four Southeastern Louisiana Parishes. Wash, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1941.
Kane, Harnet T. “Dalmatia on the Mississippi.” In Deep Delta Country, 92-104. NY: Duell and Sloan, 1944.
Kane, Harnett T. Deep Delta Country. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1944. Dalmatia on the Mississippi.
Kemble, John H. San Francisco Bay A Pictorial Maritime History. NY: Bonanza Books, 1957. Mentions Dalmatians fishing in San Francisco prior to 1900.
Kink, Dick. “Slav Fishermen in Bellingham.” Whatcom County Museum, August 19, 1970.Taped presentation given to museum.
Kojic, N. “Ribarenje Nasih Ljudi na Pacifiku.” Zajednicar Kalendar, 1922 1922, pp 114-122.Croatian fishermen on the Pacific Coast.
Kriletich, Chris. “Founder of Chris' Noted Cafe Dies.” S.F. News, Oct 5, 1960.Bozo Kriletich from Kortula
Kuehler, Marilyn. “Future Fishermen Study With Former Fishermen.” Los Angeles Times, Feb 22, 1981.About Tony Barcott- Dalmatian in San Pedro
Kuehler, Marilyb K. “San Pedro Revives an Old Tradition- Fishermen's Fiesta.” Los Angeles Times, Oct 15, 1981.Dalmatian FIshermen
La Scintilla Italiana. “Societa dei Pescatori.” La Scintilla Italiana, Dec. 24, 1878.Society of Italian fishermen.Prospero marich, Giacomo Sbissa, mateo VOdanovich,Andrea Bosigkovich were officers.
Lahman, O. “Jugoslavenski Ribari San Pedra 1955.” Matica Iseljenicki Kalendar.Fisherman in San Pedro, California
Lahman, O. “Paul Martinis Fishing in Washington.” Matica Zagreb, 1957.
Lahman, O. “Croatians in Biloxi, Mississippi.” Matica, 1953. Fishermen in Biloxi, Mississippi. Article is in Croatian.
Lisicich, Dorothy. “Dominic Kuljis Fisherman.” Zajednicar, January 3, 2001.
Lovrich, Nicholas P. Political Culture and Civic Involvement: A Comparative Analysis of Immigrant Ethnic Communities in San Pedro, California. Los Angeles: Univ. Calif. Los Angeles, 1971. Dissertation includes Croatians in San Pedro.
Major, Richard. “Dr. John Vukov Retires.” Zajednicar, January 11, 1989.
Major, Richard. “John Jovanovich.” Zajednicar, December 13, 1978.
Major, Richard. “Mihovil Kuljis Fisherman.” Zajednicar, July 25, 1976. Fisherman in Washington.
Margetich, Marion. “Frank Rodin.” Zajednicar, June 18, 1979.Obituary.Born in Prvic Luka, Dalmatia.Foreman at Starkist Tuna for 42 years in San Pedro.
Margetich, Marion. “Joseph Turkovich.” Zajednicar, Aug 26, 1987.Obituary.Family from Croatia.
Margetich, Marion. “Karlo Lucin.” Zajednicar, Oct 23, 1985.Obituary.Born in Zadar, Dalmatia.
Matica. “King of Shrimp George Misko.” Matica Zagreb, 1964. King of shrimp at Biloxi, Mississippi. Written in Croatian.
Murina, B. “Life of Oystermen on the Mississippi.” Matica Zagreb, 1976. Croatian oystermen.
Nazor, N.S. “The Fisher Folk Preserve Balkan Customs.” Fisherman's Amanac, 1935.Croatians from Dalmatia
Neely, Richard L. “Purse Seinen Revolution in Tuna Fishing.” Pacific Fisherman, June 1961 1961, pp. 27-58.Dalmatians
Nikoletich, N. “John Mezin, Frane Grgas, Peter Demaria, Anton Milos, Anton Morris, Jarko Acalin, Katarin Cesareo, Romolo Rados, Anton Alujevich, Anton Brajevich, John Arcich, Andria Gilich, John Martinovich, Vicko Marinkovich, Jakov Misetich, Jakov Mirkovich, Anton Devlahovich, John Pakusich, Anton Gugich-Smith, John Lopizich, Joe Zitko, Jakov Trudnich, Andria Zamberlin, Joseph Mardesich, John marris, Peter Dragich, Vicko Karmelich, Tom Nizetich.” Fisherman's Almanac, 1935.Biography. San Pedro.
Nikoletich, N. “Jugoslavs in San Pedro.” Fisherman's Almanac, 1935.Croatian Dalmatian fishermen.
Niland, Billyanna. “Yugoslavs in San Pedro, California, Economic and Social Factors.” Sociology and Social Factors, Oct. 1941, pp36-44.Almost 100% Croatians
O'Donnel, Mary King. Mississippi Jugoslav Settlement, 1900?Could not locate further information.
Outdoor California. “How Many Sandwiches From A Bluefin Tuna?” Outdoor California, 1976 1976.John Stanovich, San Pedro fisherman, catches 448 pound tuna.
Pacific Fisherman. “Anthony M. Pioneers All-Nylon Tuna Seine.” Pacific Fishermen News, 1956.Dominic and Anton Misetich of San Pedro owners of San Pedro's Largest Tuna Seiner.
Parker, Emanuel. “Croatians Gave San Pedro Their Skills As Fishermen.” San Pedro News Pilot, Sept. 15, 1975.
Parker, Emmanuel. “The Melting Pot--Croatians Gave San Pedro Their Skills as Fishermen.” San Pedro News Pilot, Aug. 15, 1974.
Pausina, Baldo V. “Louisiana Oyster Culture.” Louisiana State University Marine Biologists' Meeting, Feb. 10, 1970 1970.
Pennington, Phil. “San Pedro's Jugoslav Americans.” California Sun Magazine UCLA, 1959.
Petrich, B. “Discussion on Purse Seining.” Modern Fishing Gear of the World, June 1964 1964.
Petrich, James F. “Operational Influences on Tuna Clippers.” Fishing Boats of the World, 1955 1955.Dalmatians
Pixa, Bea. “Out To Dinner Maye's Original Oyster House.” S.F. Examiner, Oct. 26, 1984.Owned by Dalmatians.
Popovich, Milan. “Vlaho Pruvich.” Zajednicar, March 28, 2001.
Read, R.B. “Atlantic Seafood Grotto.” SF Examiner, July 22, 1981.Owned by Sam Viducich from Dalmatia.
Read, R.B. “Dining- A Different Dalmatian.” SF Examiner, Sept 12, 1980.Gelco's Restaurant owned by Vlaho, Luko and Nikola Buich from Dubrovnik.
Read, R.B. “Park Place Seafood.” S.F. Examiner, May 8, 1977.owned by Bob Banovac- Damlatian style
Rolland, David. “Croatians Made Tomales Bay a Fishing Center.” Point Reyes Light, Summer 1995.
San Pedro News. “Belle Isle of San Pedro is Missing at Sea.” San Pedro News, Aug. 8, 1934.Fishing boat lost at sea, on baord are Frank Dragovich, Baldo Kovacevich, Roko Kovacevich, Philip Tripcevic, Luke Lucich, Joseph Paulich and Nick Lozich.
Seattle Times. “Nick Bez.” Seattle Times, 1969.Nick Bez- Bezmalinovich was born on the Island of Brac, Dalmatia.Owned Airwest Airlines.
SF Examiner. “Maye's Origional Oyster House.” SF Examiner, Jan 2, 1981.Review.Dalmatian restaurant.
Silka, Henrey P. San Pedro: A Pictorial History. San Pedro: San Pedro Bay Historical Society, 1984.
Simic, N. “Glas 12 1895 Godine.” Fisherman's Almanac, 1935. About Danica Newspaper of 1895.
Simic, N. Marine Telephone Directory. San Pedro, California, 1939.Lists owners of fishing boats.
Smith, Courtland L. Salmon Fishers of the Columbia: Oregon St. Univ. Pr., 1979.
Starr, Kevin. “In the Grand Style.” Diners' Choice, 1980 1980.Includes Mayes Oyster House (Dalmatian); Sam's Grill (Dalmatian); Tadich Grill (Dalmatian).
Stern, Jane. “Sam's Deviled Crab.” S.F.Examiner, Jan. 28, 1985.Sam's Restaurant in San Francisco
Stolberg, Sheryl. “Blessing of the Fishing Fleet.” Los Angeles Times, Oct. 5, 1987.
Thompson, R. “Maye's Oyster House Polk Street.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Fracisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Owned by Mat Franicevich and John Vranjos.
Thompson, R. “Mayes' Oyster House California Market.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Francisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Owned by Stephen Milisich.
Thompson, R. “Neptune Fish Grill.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Francisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Ernest Aviani from the Island of Brac.
Thompson, R. “Polk and Sutter Oyster House.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Francisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Owned by Dominik Begovich and Johhny Zidich
Thompson, R. “Popeye's Fish Grotto.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Francisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Owned by Don Bajurin and Mario Zarish.
Thompson, R. “Sam's Sea Food Restaurant.” In Eating Around San Francisco. San Francisco: Suttenhouse, 1937.Owned by San Zenovich.
Time. “King of Alaska Salmon Industry- Nick Bez.” Time, Nov. 4, 1946.Born on Island of Brac, Dalmatia.
Trahant, Mark. “Fisherman Martin Kuljis.” Seattle Times, October 24, 1999.
Агенты связались с ним, когда он находился в Южной Америке, и сообщили, что операция прошла неудачно, поэтому Фонтейн в общих чертах уже знал, что случилось. Тут вступил агент Колиандер: - Как вы приказали, мы повсюду следовали за Халохотом. В морг он не пошел, поскольку в этот момент напал на след еще какого-то парня в пиджаке и галстуке, вроде бы штатского.